Anxiety becomes a disorder when it does not go away and can get worse over time interfering with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships. There are many types of anxiety disorders. We describe three of them here:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD,
ADD symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum refers to a wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment or disability that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms, while others are severely disabled.
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe.
Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness marked by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships.
When you have depression, it interferes with daily life and causes pain for both you and those who care about you. Depression is a common but serious illness.
An eating disorder is an illness that causes serious disturbances to your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating.
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) feel the need to check things repeatedly, or have certain thoughts or perform routines and rituals over and over.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Our “fight-or-flight” response is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. But in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this reaction is changed or damaged. People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they’re no longer in danger.
Schizophrenia is a serious disorder where a person experiences hallucinations or delusions, emotional flatness, and trouble with their thinking processes.
- Mental Illness + Substance Use
Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Use Disorders
Co-occurring disorders can be difficult to diagnose due to the complexity of symptoms. Both disorders may be severe or mild, or one may be more severe than the other. In many cases, one disorder is addressed while the other disorder remains untreated. Both substance use disorders and mental disorders have biological, psychological, and social components.
- Substance Use Disorders
Substance use disorders occur when the recurrent use of alcohol and/or drugs causes clinically and functionally significant impairment, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home.
Suicide is tragic. But it is often preventable. Knowing the risk factors for suicide and who is at risk can help reduce the suicide rate.